The best types of boxwood for terraces and gardens

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We could define him as the prince of terraces and gardens.

With its oval leaves and short, slender branches, this evergreen shrub allows you to play with shapes to create eye-catching borders or pots.

Today we are going to find out which types of boxwood they are perfect for our homes.

What types of boxwood are there?

Boxwood is the best known species of the more than 70 belonging to the family of Buxaceae. It is a small plant native to many regions of the world but present in particular in China and Madagascar.

Together with laurelis the most chosen plant for creating dividing hedges and borders, but boxwood is the more elegant of the two.

These small evergreen shrubs can reach significant heights although it is more common to see them kept low, between 40 cm and one meter for borders, pots and ornamental bushes, and 1.5 m – 2 m for hedges.

They rarely produce flowers, although some species give life to small yellow-green flowers which then turn into oval fruits of about 0.5 – 1.5 cm which contain many small seeds.

To thrive, boxwood needs moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soil.

From beyond 200 varieties of boxwood (of which about 140 are available on the market) today we have selected the most popular in our homes and which are best suited for dividing, delimiting or adorning terraces and gardens in Italy.

Below we present to you boxwood species:

1. English boxwood


Often called “dwarf boxwood” because it grows slowly, the English boxwood it is a plant of great elegance that lends itself to being inserted even in the most refined ornamental gardens.

It is very popular for its branches full of small light green leaves which become denser creating a homogeneous and easily malleable surface.

Boxwood suffers from heatstroke and water stagnation.

2. American Boxwood

American boxwood

the Buxus sempervirens or, more commonly, “American boxwoodis a lush shrub with dark green leaves, highly valued for its ease of cultivation, maintenance and resistance to periods of drought, low temperatures and strong winds.

Unlike other low bushes, American boxwood can reach 3 meters, some varieties even 6 meters.

It is a hardy plant that is rarely affected by disease or pests. Sometimes it develops root rot or is affected by nematodes but usually with careful treatment it recovers completely.

To protect it from disease, it is usually enough to provide it with the right soil. pH level and drainage.

American boxwood includes several varieties, here are the most popular:

the Boxwood Dee Runk it is an evergreen bush that grows in an elongated, slender shape.

It has dark green leaves and can reach 3 to 4 meters in height, excellent for dividing outwards or separating two neighboring gardens ensuring maximum privacy, provided the position in which it is planted is in full or partial sun. -shadow.

It is a dense bush with small glossy dark green oval leaves that do not wither even in winter. A pyramidal structure develops which attracts bees.

The variety of Boxwood Fastigiata it is ideal for creating borders or protecting it from the prying eyes of neighbors or passers-by, and it also fits well near other types of plants.

This small tree native to rocky, wooded hills is an evergreen that can grow to plant size.

Growing like a bush, it produces small dark green oval leaves with a glossy, glossy appearance.

Also the variety of Boxwood Vardar Valley it needs moist, slightly acidic soil. It can be pruned in early spring to encourage the growth of vigorous new leaves and should be protected during the winter months, while being checked regularly for possible aphids.

3. Japanese boxwood


the Buxus Microphylla (or “japanese boxwood”) is an evergreen shrub that grows very slowly, just like English. It is ideal for creating hedges, borders and for playing with topiary as it is very tolerant of pruning which can be done at any time of the year except during the colder months.

The new shoots that grow are a pretty light green, creating a nice contrast in the garden.

Japanese boxwood also produces flowers (male and female) and is pollinated by flies and bees.

To see it grow at its best, it is very important to provide it with loose, well-drained soil with the right level of acidity.

When the soil is moist, the foliage gives off a very characteristic pungent smell.

The variety adapts to both partial shade and full sun, the important thing is that the soil is kept moist.

It requires very little maintenance and only occasional maintenance. Since hers is a slow grower, pruning will also be sporadic, at most once or twice a month (depending on how you want the given shape to be groomed).

Watering should be regular but, to avoid the risk of root rot, make sure the soil is completely dry before watering again.

Also remember to fertilize at least 3 times a year (summer, fall and spring) with a good granular fertilizer.

Some popular varieties of Japanese boxwood include:

The perfect choice for low borders or pots. The best aspect of Boxwood Green Beauty is that it remains a beautiful dark green color even in the hottest months of summer.

In comparison to other boxwood varieties, Green Beauty boxwood is more resistant to humidity and drought.

This evergreen bush needs a sunny location to grow well, with maximum partial sun.

It has a moderate growth rate and reaches at most one and a half meters in height.

This dwarf boxwood plant has very dense foliage perfect for creating a low hedge along paths or for garden borders.

Just like Green Beauty, the Boxwood Morris Midget it likes full sun to partial sun positions and needs regular watering to grow lushly.

The variety has a slow development and can reach a maximum of 30 cm in height by 45 cm in width.

The variety of Morris dwarf boxwood is another low growing bush that stays between 30 and 60 in height.

It grows slowly and requires very little maintenance. Unlike other types of boxwood, the Morris Dwarf has yellow-green foliage and does not need frequent watering but should receive plenty of direct light, so it will need to be placed in full or partial sun.

4. Korean boxwood


the Buxus sinica insularis (or “korean boxwood”) is an evergreen plant with broad leaves that can reach about 60 cm in height.

Once it reaches maximum maturity, the bush begins to spread sideways rather than upwards.

This variety is at its best in summer when the leaves turn a rich, deep green. In winter, however, the shade of the leaves darkens and takes on a more bronze color.

In the spring, Korean boxwood produces very fragrant cream-colored flowers that are pollinated by bees. Later, the flowers turn into seed capsules which fall to the ground in the fall.

Korean boxwood bushes are very cold hardy and can tolerate the harshest winters in our regions. It is important that they are planted in moist clay soil exposed to partial light.

Its foliage may need one protection against the cold winter winds.

This small bush is ideal as a border or ornamental bush although it requires frequent pruning in order to maintain its beautiful green foliage.

5. Boxwood hybrid varieties


Boxwood hybrids are divided into several varieties, including:

Also known as Boxwoodthe boxwood Green Gem is an evergreen with broad leaves that gives its best in spring.

It prefers well-drained, slightly acidic soil with medium humidity and an exposure between full and partial sun.

This shrub is famous for its round shape and a medium-low development that remains between 90 cm and 120 cm in height.

The Green Gem should be placed in a sheltered location, especially from strong winds and winter frost. During the cold months you will need to Cover to prevent the accumulation of snow from damaging its fine branches.

Also known as “Chicago green boxwood”, the Boxwood Glencoe it is an evergreen bush that keeps its leaflets green and shiny throughout the winter period without losing its vividness of color, and for this reason it is one of the favorite varieties of those who live in regions with cold climate.

It resembles English boxwood in appearance, with a low form of perfectly oval structure.

It needs regular watering, especially when temperatures get hot.

It grows an average of 90cm – 120cm both in height and width and in the spring it produces very pretty little white flowers which attract pollinating insects and birds of all kinds.

the boxwood Green Mound it is a boulder bush with medium sized oval leaves that remain green throughout the winter months.

It can be pruned every month of the year, keeping the given shape for a long time, as it has a rather slow growth.

This boxwood variety prefers full or partial shade. It is very important not to expose it to direct sunlight as its beautiful foliage would suffer.

This type of boxwood has very dense foliage that lends itself well to creating low borders or ornamental shrubs. Similar to the green mound, the green velvet boxwood it retains a beautiful bright green even in winter and is very easy to maintain as it does not require regular irrigation or frequent pruning.


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